Mirka Miller's Combinatorics Webinar Series

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Welcome to the home page for Mirka Miller's Combinatorics Webinar Series.

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Contents

Upcoming Talks


Previous Talks

Talk 1: Celebrating Mirka's life - Prof. Camino Balbuena

Date: March 8 2021

Time 17:00 (CET)


Celebrating Mirka's life

Chair: Prof. Gabriela Araujo-Pardo

"Remembering Prof. Mirka Miller"

by Prof. Cristina Dalfó

Speaker: Prof. Camino Balbuena

Title: On the Moore cages with a prescribed girth pair

Abstract: https://drive.google.com/file/d/11r-TY8NswuKZkT7LOfkl-4yy1d72aF-w/view?usp=sharing

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1GkbwwNYSLBgRGjE8z7n1ckuXbXb6sRrN/view?usp=sharing

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1DuWvsAsxMoIzCH4wr_hpGqUCx5uv89SU/view?usp=sharing {Chair: Prof. Gabriela Araujo-Pardo (minute 0:00-04:08) - "Remembering Prof. Mirka Miller" by Prof. Cristina Dalfó (minute 04:08-17:44) - Speaker: Prof. Camino Balbuena On the Moore cages with a prescribed girth pair (minute 17:44-end)}


Talk 2: May there be many more repeats - Prof. Jozef Širáň

Date: Wednesday April 14 2021

Time: 1000 Bratislava (0900 UK)

Speaker: Prof. Jozef Širáň

Title: May there be many more repeats

Abstract: This is my reminiscence on two mathematical aspects of my collaboration with Mirka Miller in the degree-diameter problem: the lifting technique in constructions of `large' examples and her method of repeats in non-existence proofs.

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Ss2xvDP9UAIebNUnIr2U6J01wixUJFkK/view?usp=sharing {Chair: Prof. Camino Balbuena (minute 0:00-02:26) - Speaker: Prof. Jozef Širáň May there be many more repeats (minute 02:26-end)}


Talk 3: The Domination Blocking Game - Prof. Dominique Buset

Date: Wednesday May 12 2021

Time: 11:00 (CET) - one hour later than the previous one

Speaker: Prof. Dominique Buset

Title: The Domination Blocking Game

Abstract: We introduce a new game on a simple, finite and undirected graph: “the domination tracking game”. Two players (the Dominator and the Enemy), each one playing alternatively, take a not occupied vertex on the graph. When the dominator (resp. the enemy) takes a vertex, he controls the vertex and all its neigbours (resp. just the vertex taken). The purpose of the game is for the dominator to control all the vertices, and for the enemy to avoid the dominator to win (i.e. to take one vertex and all his neighbours). We determine for some categories of graphs a winning strategy either for the Dominator or the Enemy. These situations, give a partition of those graphs into three classes. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1V8WY_qlqCDHdZLFsTokOQ-7t7KBtnqSG/view?usp=sharing

As part of the initiatives of Women in Mathematics Day


Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1HIv1fixjrWZfcRYHwN3QgntBKMoMK1Mt/view?usp=sharing {Chair: Prof. Cristina Dalfó - Speaker: Prof. Dominique Buset The Domination Blocking Game }


Talk 4: The story about graphs CD(k,q) - Prof. Felix Lazebnik

Date: Wednesday June 16 2021

Time: 18:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Felix Lazebnik

Title: The story about graphs CD(k,q)

Abstract: In this talk I will present the main ideas and history behind the construction of the family of graphs that is usually denoted by CD(k,q), where k is a positive integer, and q is a prime power. It is known that the girth of CD(k,q) (the length of its shortest cycle) is at least k+5, and these graphs provide the best known asymptotic lower bound for the greatest number of edges in graphs of a given order and given girth at least g, where g ≥ 5 and g distinct from 11, 12. We survey some old and new results, and mention several open questions related to these graphs or to similarly constructed graphs.



Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/13G9bVkwBEXgA6bkX4MJOgoAJsFRNorMs/view?usp=sharing

YouTube version of Cohen’s `Anthem’: https://youtu.be/c8-BT6y_wYg


Lev Arkad'evich Kaluznin (with M.H. Klin, G. Pöschel, V.I. Suschansky, V.A. Ustimenko, V.I. Vyshensky), Applicandae Matematicae, 52:(1998) 5--18 MR 99m: 01091. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Ak_MAzyE2FEW6kEflHi_1hDMghOiVp48/view?usp=sharing


General properties of some families of graphs defined by systems of equations. (joint work with A.J. Woldar), Journal of Graph Theory, 38, (2001), 65--86. MR 2002k: 05108. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1vJCV9CXeOyfCoGp0Epmatw2n4BLu9be3/view?usp=sharing


Some Families of Graphs, Hypergraphs and Digraphs Defined by Systems of Equations: A Survey. (with Shuying Sun and Ye Wang), Lecture Notes of Seminario Interdisciplinare di Matematica , Vol. 14 (2017), pp. 105–-142. https://drive.google.com/file/d/13HV9UrloLrxGt62_YOOJ-WT4cgDOZAiN/view?usp=sharing


Talk 5: A Journey with Antimagic Labeling - Prof. Kiki Ariyanti Sugeng

Date: Wednesday July 14 2021

Time: 15:00 (CEST)

Speaker: Prof. Kiki Ariyanti Sugeng

Title: A Journey with Antimagic Labeling

Abstract: Antimagic labeling is defined as an assignment from the element of a graph to usually a set of integers such that the weight of the element of the graph is all different. There are many variations of antimagic labeling, depending on which element of graph is labeled and how the weight is calculated. One of the definitions is as follows: A graph G is called antimagic if the edges can be labeled with the integers 1,2,...,q such that the sum of labels at any given vertex is different from the sum of the labels at any other vertex, i.e., no two vertices have the same sum. In this talk, I would like to share my journey with antimagic labeling through many variations of this labeling. https://drive.google.com/file/d/11AXXVAbNeJ9LbskDD_jZNoC9O2-XLHkP/view?usp=sharing

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1HGHz4e7pV6GJ1kICdbvVt8racCiMeZoN/view?usp=sharing

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1YM18ibCuuB1XYH8A8XkK_S_I7yY_cCNg/view?usp=sharing



Talk 6: Biregular Cages - Prof. Robert Jajcay

Date: Wednesday September 15 2021

Time: 16:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Robert Jajcay

Title: Biregular Cages

Abstract: The Cage Problem - the problem of finding a smallest k-regular graph of girth g, i.e., the (k,g)-cage - is well known to be very hard and the exact orders of cages are known for very few parameter pairs (k,g). One possible approach to understanding structural properties of cages includes considering biregular graphs that contain vertices of two degrees, m and n, and generalizing the Cage Problem by looking for smallest graphs of girth g containing vertices of the two degrees m and n, the (m,n;g)-cages. In the case of odd girths, results of this approach differ quite a bit from the regular Cage Problem as the orders of biregular (m,n;g)-cages are determined for all odd girths g and degree pairs m,n in which m is considerably smaller than n. The even girth case is still wide open, and has been therefore restricted to bipartite biregular graphs in which the two bipartite sets consist exclusively of vertices of one of the degrees (regular cages of even girth are also conjectured to be bipartite). We survey the most resent results on biregular and bipartite biregular cages, present some improved lower bounds, and discuss an interesting connection between bipartite biregular cages and t-designs.

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1GKlTVWu63BaPMhbEvPOibC8_CeQki3iK/view?usp=sharing

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1cFV_jLyoge-NvFLGakkyxU-jhzWOq5s0/view?usp=sharing


Talk 7: Open problema in Distance-based Graph Labelings - Prof. Rinovia Simanjuntak

Date: Wednesday October 13 2021

Time: 13:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Rinovia Simanjuntak

Title: Open problema in Distance-based Graph Labelings

Abstract: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1zLaEyrimiZphyQ-wWDMvi_SW8JS-uu59/view?usp=drivesdk

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1RW19I1fUWR0d7lHd13xQb1oHQbVVCYy6/view?usp=sharing

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1FrUpH3vgGCOwzvTGuRnZ9uqH4CPSfbxF/view?usp=sharing


Talk 8: On the existence of almost Moore digraphs - Prof. Edy Tri Baskoro

Date: Wednesday November 10 2021

Time: 15:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Edy Tri Baskoro

Title: On the existence of almost Moore digraphs

Abstract: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1L6t25SxIUEJAyt2z1F5jdLSFjgVbUfBv/view?usp=sharing


Video https://drive.google.com/file/d/1uDJtL9Anut5n2XT5fQA6PsXC1wOod-kH/view?usp=sharing


Talk 9: Strong cliques in diamond-free graphs - Prof. Berenice Martinez Barahona

Date: Wednesday December 15 2021

Time: 17:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Berenice Martínez-Barona

Title: Strong cliques in diamond-free graphs

Abstract: A strong clique in a graph is a clique intersecting all inclusion-maximal stable sets. Strong cliques play an important role in the study of perfect graphs. In this talk, we study strong cliques in the class of diamond-free graphs, from both structural and algorithmic points of view. We show that the following five NP-hard or co-NP-hard problems all remain NP-hard or co-NP-hard when restricted to the class of diamond-free graphs: Is a given clique strong? Does the graph have a strong clique? Is every vertex contained in a strong clique? Given a partition of the vertex set into cliques, is every clique in the partition strong? Can the vertex set be partitioned into strong cliques?

On the positive side, we show that the following two problems whose computational complexity is open in general can be solved in linear time in the class of diamond-free graphs: Does every induced subgraph have a strong clique? Is every maximal clique strong? Is every edge contained in a strong clique? The last two results are derived from a characterization of diamond-free graphs in which every maximal clique is strong, which also implies an improved Erdös-Hajnal property for such graphs.

(Joint work with Nina Chiarelli, Martin Milanič, Jerome Monnot and Peter Muršič.)

Video https://drive.google.com/file/d/10rZ2fGwCdjR_uZvIqDuLIG5CXcTRdt1m/view?usp=sharing


Talk 10: Perfect Matchings in Regular Graph with Given Connectivity - Prof. Yuqing Lin

Date: Wednesday January 19 2022

Time: 9:30 Sydney time [23:30 (CET) of January 18th 2022]

Speaker: Prof. Yuqing Lin

Title: Perfect Matchings in Regular Graph with Given Connectivity

Abstract: The problem of how many edge disjoint perfect matchings are there in a graph is a classical topic in graph theory. Most of the work focus on the case where the degree is large, roughly speaking, equal to half of the total number of the vertices in the graph. For example, it has been conjectured that these graphs can be factorized. When working with this conjecture, we realize that the connectivity plays an important role in guarantee the graph has required number of perfect matchings and/or other factors. In this talk, I will present a few results we have obtained along this direction.

Video https://drive.google.com/file/d/1XIHFQKK8cPCccgEuNU8LEchtovKZfH7p/view?usp=sharing


Talk 11: Colorings of Moore graphs - Prof. Mika Olsen

Date: Wednesday February 16 2022

Time: 18:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Mika Olsen - Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana- Cuajimalpa (UAM-Cuajimalpa), México

Title: Colorings of Moore graphs

Abstract: Coloring graphs is a popular topic in graph theory. In this talk I consider two different colorings of Moore graphs, namely rainbow colorings of edges and packing colorings of vertices.

A path P in an edge-colored graph is a rainbow path if there are no arcs of P with the same color. The rainbow connectivity rc(G) is the smallest integer k such that there is an edge coloring of a graph satisfying that the graph is connected by rainbow paths.

A vertex coloring of a graph is a packing coloring if any pair of vertices of color i satisfies that the distance between them is at least i+1. The packing chromatic number is the is the smallest integer k such that there is a packing coloring with k colors.

I will present results for the rainbow t-connectivity of (k,6)-Moore graphs and results for packing chromatic number of Moore graphs with girth 6,8 and 12. In both cases the results where obtained using structures of Moore graphs.

Video https://drive.google.com/file/d/13kyGioVoVGcKliUAt_0afyEJmgdtBiZK/view?usp=sharing


Talk 12: Four families of polynomials in spectral graph theory - Prof. Miquel Àngel Fiol

Date: Wednesday March 16 2022

Time: 17:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Miquel Àngel Fiol

Title: Four families of polynomials in spectral graph theory

Abstract: In this talk, we describe four families of polynomials related to the spectrum of a graph. First, some known main results involving such polynomials, such as the spectral excess theorem characterizing distance-regularity, are discussed. Second, some new results giving bounds for the k-independence number αk of a graph are presented. In this context, we comment on some relationships between the inertia (Cvetkovic) and ratio (Hoffman) bounds of αk.

Slides: [https://drive.google.com/file/d/1EbfdMPDFXfs1E8CtUbCBtrSw7mT-gE2f/view?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1EbfdMPDFXfs1E8CtUbCBtrSw7mT-gE2f/view?usp=sharing]

Video: [https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MyQ-SsQ5bXVc4nUYmyjxGCSwVaH3iNQo/view?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MyQ-SsQ5bXVc4nUYmyjxGCSwVaH3iNQo/view?usp=sharing]



Talk 13: Berge’s conjecture for cubic graphs with small colouring defect - Prof. Edita Máčajová

Date: Wednesday April 20 2022

Time: TBA

Speaker: Prof. Edita Máčajová

Title: Berge’s conjecture for cubic graphs with small colouring defect

Abstract: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1tAEybLG2Pg1G6DYQSaTW14y1HOqteIFa/view?usp=sharing

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1kgAmb7zQB9Jvsrr4y8Lt0pgK1JB4z-L6/view?usp=sharing


Talk 14: Measuring the closeness to Moore graphs - Prof. Nacho López

Date: Wednesday May 18 2022

Time: 15:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Nacho López

Title: Measuring the closeness to Moore graphs

Abstract: In this talk we will discuss how to measure the closeness to a Moore graph. This `closeness' has been usually measured as the difference between the (unattainable) Moore bound and the order of the considered graphs. Another kind of approach considers relaxing some of the constraints implied by the Moore bound. For instance, we could relax the condition of the degree and admit few vertices with larger degree, as Mirka did for the directed case. Radial Moore graphs are also approximations of Moore graphs, where we allow the existence of vertices with eccentricity just on more than the value they have in a Moore graph. Once we have many different graphs close to Moore graph, an interesting question is how to rank them according to their proximity to being a Moore graph.

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1FeqbpnXDWpS7xd37Zknyh3ZQ15H0JR38/view?usp=sharing

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1C7zLSb3b_anh3oXE2MZz0BpoPXVOZN_6/view?usp=sharing


Talk 15: On mixed cages - Prof. Diego González

Date: Wednesday June 15 2022

Time: 17:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Diego González

Title: On mixed cages

Abstract: A mixed graph is a graph with edges and arcs. A [z, r; g]-mixed cage is a mixed graph, z-regular by arcs, r-regular by edges with girth g and minimum order. In this talk I’m going to give an overview of the results in mixed cages, and I will talk about the monotonicity and the connectivity of mixed cages. This is a joint work with Gabriela Araujo and Claudia De la Cruz.


Slides: TBA

Video: TBA


Talk 16: On weight-equitable partitions of graphs - Prof. Aida Abiad

Date: Wednesday July 20 2022

Time: 14:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Aida Abiad

Title: On weight-equitable partitions of graphs

Abstract: Weight-equitable partitions of graphs, which are a natural extension of the well-known equitable partitions, have been shown to be a powerful tool to weaken the regularity assumption in several classic eigenvalue bounds. Weight-equitable partitions assign to each vertex a weight that equals the corresponding entry of the Perron eigenvector. In this talk we will present several algebraic characterizations and some computational results of weight-equitable partitions. In addition, we will show that such partitions provide a condition under which Hoffman's ratio bound can be improved.


Slides: TBA

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Desep_26gt_gg7W7-M8VrGg_uTdrB-x_/view?usp=sharing


Talk 17: Spectral Moore theorems for graphs and hypergraphs - Prof. Sebastian Cioaba

Date: Wednesday October 19 2022

Time: 16:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Sebastian Cioaba (University of Delaware)

Title: Spectral Moore theorems for graphs and hypergraphs

Abstract: The spectrum of a graph is closely related to many graph parameters. In particular, the spectral gap of a regular graph which is the difference between its valency and second eigenvalue, is widely seen an algebraic measure of connectivity and plays a key role in the theory of expander and Ramanujan graphs. In this paper, I will give an overview of recent work studying the maximum order of a regular graph (bipartite graph or hypergraph) of given valency whose second largest eigenvalue is at most a given value. This problem can be seen as a spectral Moore problem and has close connections to Alon-Boppana theorems for graphs and hypergraphs and with the usual Moore or degree-diameter problem


Slides: TBA

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1O1o916Iu_XbVqIAR5dTAth3LOrLJFv9y/view?usp=sharing


Talk 18: On hamiltonian paths of the complete graph with prescribed edge-lengths - Prof. Anita Pasotti

Date: Wednesday November 16 2022

Time: 14:30 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Anita Pasotti (University of Brescia, Italy)

Title: On hamiltonian paths of the complete graph with prescribed edge-lengths

Abstract: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1H07eEmsU9RsUwlVTb1uZTEajCA4F3lqu/view?usp=share_link

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1lltYz-fkvBxAV1XcN8uYENPXbX4L5QEc/view?usp=share_link

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1GW1a0DjBuzI6wp3pceagI9KyY7kCZdSN/view?usp=share_link


Talk 19: Mixed graphs with small excess - Prof. Grahame Erskine

Date: Wednesday December 21 2022

Time: 16:00 CET (15:00 UK time)

Speaker: Prof. Grahame Erskine (The Open University, UK)

Title: Mixed graphs with small excess

Abstract: The degree-diameter problem for undirected graphs extends in a natural way to the cases of directed or mixed graphs; we insist that every vertex should be reachable from any other vertex by a path of speficied maximum length. However, the undirected degree-girth problem can be generalised in a number of ways. One natural extension to digraphs and mixed graphs is to insist that any pair of vertices be joined by no more than one path of some specified maximum length; this is called the geodecity problem.

The degree-geodecity problem is in a sense dual to the degree-diameter problem. They share the same Moore bound; in the case of the geodecity problem the Moore bound is a lower bound on the order of a graph with given degree and geodecity, and we are interested in minimising the excess of a graph above this bound. The problem has some features in common with the degree-girth problem for undirected graphs; chief among these is that it seems to be very hard to get good bounds on how small the excess of a directed or mixed graph can be for given degree and geodecity.

We will discuss some of what is known about this problem, with a particular emphasis on mixed graphs.

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1RkDrLfG3TfYqRY_kMesv9WPrEy4bcTOz/view?usp=share_link

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1xumoar4OhI7l2oEZlDf4aFQB0rcnEn9g/view?usp=share_link


Talk 20: Approaching the Moore bound in the degree-diameter problem by Cayley graphs - Prof. Jana Šiagiová

Date: Wednesday January 18 2023

Time: 15:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Jana Šiagiová (Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava)

Title: Approaching the Moore bound in the degree-diameter problem by Cayley graphs

Abstract: The well known degree-diameter problem for graphs is to determine the largest number n(d,k) of vertices in a graph of given maximum degree d and given diameter k. A trivial upper bound M(d,k) on n(d,k) is provided by the number of vertices of a rooted tree of the same maximum degree and of depth equal to the given diameter, and it is also well known that this upper bound is attained in a non-trivial way only for diameter 2 and degrees 3, 7, and possibly 57, and for no degree and diameter both greater than 2. Some years ago a natural question arose if examples of `large' graphs for given d and k can be constructed by means of Cayley graphs. We have answered this question in the affirmative for diameters k=2 and k=3 by proving that in each case there is an infinite set D(k) of degrees, and for each such degree d a Cayley graph with c(d,k) vertices, such that lim sup c(d,k)/M(d,k) is equal to 1 as d ranges over the set D(k). Thus, at least in this sense, for diameters 2 and 3 the Moore bound can be approached asymptotically. The aim of the talk is to present background on the methods and more details used in the proof of this asymptotic result, hoping to revive interest in trying to push it further.


Slides: []

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1tQVeyG8oRfMfeJNCORLLvZaxlYB40r_x/view?usp=share_link


Talk 21: L(h,k)-colorings of some Moore graphs via some special structures - Prof. Julián Fresán

Date: Wednesday Frebruary 15, 2023

Time: 17:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Julián Fresán (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Cuajimalpa, México)

Title: L(h,k)-colorings of some Moore graphs via some special structures

Abstract: In this talk, I will present a particular structure of the non-adjacencies of the projective planes and two special structures of classical generalized quadrangles. We will use these structures to obtain bounds of a coloring problem, the L(h,k)-coloring problem, of their incidence graphs. This coloring is a vertex coloring with numbers in which the difference between any pair of vertices at distance one is at least h and any pair of vertices at distance two have coloring numbers that differ by at least k. If we start the coloring with zero, the goal of this problem is to find the L(h, k)-coloring with the smallest maximum number.


Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/10odT6l8zRF3DGaA899ljikoxEblQPW2d/view?usp=share_link

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/10lKFgZ3Nuvt1hqBRZisOMXmEeRO--Xni/view?usp=share_link



Talk 22: A variant of the algebraic connectivity and grid drawings of complete multipartite graphs - Prof. Clemens Huemer

Date: Wednesday March 15, 2023

Time: 15:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Clemens Huemer (UPC)

Title: A variant of the algebraic connectivity and grid drawings of complete multipartite graphs

Abstract: Abstract: We use spectral graph theory to show how to draw the vertices of a complete multipartite graph G on different points of a bounded d-dimensional integer grid, such that the sum of squared distances between vertices of G is (i) minimized or (ii) maximized. For both problems, we provide a characterization of the solutions. For the particular case d = 1, our solution for (i) also settles the minimum-2-sum problem for complete bipartite graphs; the minimum-2-sum problem was defined by Juvan and Mohar in 1992. Weighted centroidal Voronoi tessellations are the solution for (ii). Such drawings are related to Laplacian eigenvalues of graphs. This motivates us to study which properties of the algebraic connectivity of graphs carry over to the restricted setting of drawings of graphs with integer coordinates.

This is joint work with Ruy Fabila-Monroy, Carlos Hidalgo-Toscano, Dolores Lara, and Dieter Mitsche.

Slides:

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Pyw4Nw7iZ3W1oLydrkuisV2ohqBbyEGO/view?usp=share_link


Talk 23: Results on Problems I Learned About on the Mirka Miller Webinar - Prof. Geoffrey Exoo

Date: Wednesday April 19, 2023

Time: 16:00 (CET)

Speaker: Prof. Geoffrey Exoo (Indiana State University)

Title: Results on Problems I Learned About on the Mirka Miller Webinar

Abstract: Several problems pertaining to the interplay among degree, girth, diameter, geodecity, and algebraic connectivity for undirected, directed, and mixed graphs are considered.

The author gratefully acknowledges learning about several of these concepts, and most of the problems discussed while attending earlier meetings of the Mirka Miller Webinar.

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/19wKzvGBuRHN_z5_vH3qkMg-GQSO1DKNq/view?usp=drivesdk

Video:


Talk 24: On the spectra of token graphs of a cycle - Mónica Reyes, Prfo. Cristina Dalfó and Prof. Miquel Àngel Fiol

Date: Wednesday May 17, 2023 - special edition from BIRS-BANFF within the Extremal Graphs arising from Designs and Configurations Workshop

Time: 9:00 Calgary time (17:00 CEST)

Speaker: Mónica Reyes, Prof. Cristina Dalfó, Prof. Miquel Àngel Fiol (UPC and University of Lleida)

Title: On the spectra of token graphs of a cycle

Abstract: The k-token graph F_k(G) of a graph G is the graph whose vertices are the k-subsets of vertices from G, two of which being adjacent whenever their symmetric difference is a pair of adjacent vertices in G. In this talk, through lift graphs and voltage assignments, we first show the spectrum of a k-token graph of a cycle C_n for some n. Since this technique does not give the results for all possible n, we introduce a new method that we called over-lifts. This method allows us to present the spectra of any k-token graph of any cycle C_n.

Slides: Part I https://drive.google.com/file/d/1KALgxuK5GlyfuBRCib5odvKj3_0krpYT/view?usp=drivesdk

Part II https://drive.google.com/file/d/1t9MUTwM3Bj03FweZilDzmqQ7jnUNmZ_W/view?usp=drivesdk

Part III https://drive.google.com/file/d/1-elNL9yfvm2i45Y9n_z-bdRstDdaepoF/view?usp=drivesdk

Video: Part I https://www.birs.ca/events/2023/5-day-workshops/23w5125/videos/watch/202305170900-Dalfo.html

Part II https://www.birs.ca/events/2023/5-day-workshops/23w5125/videos/watch/202305170930-Fiol.html

Part IIIhttps://www.birs.ca/events/2023/5-day-workshops/23w5125/videos/watch/202305171000-Reyes.html


Talk 25: Biregular (and regular) planar cages - Natalia García-Colín

Date: Wednesday June 21, 2023

Time: 16:00 (CEST)

Speaker: Christian Rubio

Title: Biregular (and regular) planar cages

Abstract: In this talk I will present our no-so-recent results on the Cage Problem for biregular planar graphs. This problem has been widely studied for biregular graphs (without the planarity hypothesis).

An ({r, m}; g)-graph is a biregular graph whose vertices have degrees r and m, for 2 ≤ r < m, and girth g. An ({r,m};g)-cage is an ({r,m};g)- graph of minimum order. In this work we have determined the triplets of values ({r, m}; g) for which there exist planar ({r, m}; g)-graphs and for all values we construct examples. Furthermore, we bound the order of the ({r, m}; g)- cages and in many instances our constructions reach the bounds.

This is joint work with Gabriela Araujo-Pardo and Fidel Barrera-Cruz.

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1EmXKi6fe6szrBfNlDwrepPbotM0weoXy/view?usp=sharing

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1TuB-783xMS2MSIv1upffo4Y61zm-LR2O/view?usp=drive_link


Talk 26: Regular graphs of given chromatic number of minimum order - Christian Rubio

Date: Wednesday September 20, 2023

Time: 17:00 CET

Speaker: Christian Rubio

Title: Regular graphs of given chromatic number of minimum order

Abstract: We define an extremal (r|χ)-graph as an r-regular graph with chromatic number χ of minimum order. In this work, we study the Turán graphs, the antihole graphs, and the graphs Kn x K2 which are extremal in this sense. We also exhibit several extremal Cayley (r|χ)-graphs and some constructions arising from Turán graphs.

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1dsMXXFnkdthHXn_s4imGUcDj6ZrxiCXn/view?usp=sharing


Talk 27: New incidence geometries related to the classical generalized hexagons and triality - Klara Stokes

Date: Wednesday October 18th, 2023

Time: 17:00 (CEST)

Speaker: Klara Stokes (from Umeå University)

Title: New incidence geometries related to the classical generalized hexagons and triality

Abstract: In the 1960s, Tits studied a phenomenon called triality in a hyperbolic quadric in a 7-dimensional projective space. He noted that the incidence geometry of points and lines that are fixed by the triality had interesting properties that generalized the hexagon, thereby inventing the generalized polygons. The incidence graph of the generalized polygons are Moore graphs of even girth; they have the property that the girth is twice the diameter. In this talk, I will introduce new geometries related to the classical generalized hexagons. This is joint work with Dimitri Leemans and Philippe Tranchida.

Slides:

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1PXeHtzhp7rr-MDzMxZ49GSX1ZeEV1iAl/view?usp=sharing


Talk 28: Heffter arrays: from the applications to a generalization - Tommaso Traetta

Date: Wednesday November 15th, 2023

Time: 17:00 (CEST)

Speaker: Tommaso Traetta (from University of Brescia)

Title: Heffter arrays: from the applications to a generalization

Abstract: In 2015, Archdeacon introduced Heffter arrays as a tool to construct current graphs, orthogonal cycle systems and (if endowed with a pair of special orderings) biembeddings of complete graphs on surfaces. In this talk, after describing these connections, we introduce a generalized class of Heffter-type arrays which extend these applications and we show how near alternating sign matrices can be effectively used to build them, thus providing new existence results even in the classic case. This is joint work with Lorenzo Mella.

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1icYoT4Dw3mreCaSE1_Jzidjv9pncEh67/view?usp=drive_link

Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1nrSzFu6h4qhqoA5VoQHW8JWjjHwotXpB/view?usp=drive_link


Talk 29: Properties of Villarceau Torus - Paul Manuel

Date: Wednesday December 20th, 2023

Time: 14 CET

Speaker: Paul Manuel

Title: Properties of Villarceau Torus

Abstract: Villarceau torus is a discrete graph theory model of the spiral torus, which is called the Helical Toroidal Electron Model in Physics. It also represents the double-stranded helix model of DNA. The spiral torus or toroidal helix in Physics and Molecular Biology is continuous, whereas the Villarceau torus is discrete. The main contribution of the paper is the identification of cycles that are equivalent to the toroidal helix in the spiral torus. In addition, the poloidal revolution and the toroidal revolutions of Villarceau torus are computed. The paper identifies some striking differences between the ring torus and Villarceau torus. It is proved that Villarceau torus does not admit any convex edge-cuts and convex cycles other than 4-cycles. The convex-cut method is extended to graphs that do not admit convex edge-cuts. Using this technique, the network distance (Wiener Index) is computed. Also, an optimal congestion-balanced routing for Villarceau torus is designed.

Link: https://eu.bbcollab.com/guest/1f76fcb050da4e7cae40d3b8c33d5d7d

Slides: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1h-72Zzto5PCmo1ThgZdzYUJlMseS_6XS

Video: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1hFfJqLIR4NEMd-4Wr8WOOkv4-jcjgJ5H


Talk 30: Constructing small totally regular mixed graphs of given degrees and girth - Tatiana Jajcayová

Date: Wednesday January 17th, 2024

Time: 15:00 CET

Speaker: Tatiana Jajcayová

Title: Constructing small totally regular mixed graphs of given degrees and girth.

Abstract: In our talk, we will discuss a generalization of the original Cage Problem in the setting of mixed graphs, which we will call Mixed Cage Problem. Among mixed graphs, we concentrate on extremal totally regular mixed graphs - graphs in which the number of adjacent non-oriented edges is equal to r, and the number of out-going and in-going edges is equal to z, for all vertices of the graph. In order to obtain good upper bounds for the orders of totally regular mixed graphs of given girth and smallest possible order, it is reasonable to consider some related (non-mixed) (k,g)-cages or record (k,g)-graphs and modify them into mixed graphs by adding directions to certain edges. We propose to use in this manner the CD(n,q) graphs of Lazebnik, Ustimenko and Woldar which constitute the best universal family of regular graphs of prime power degree with regard to the original Cage Problem. In our presentation, we will define the CD(n,q) graphs, and will explain their relevance in the context of the Cage and the Mixed Cage Problems.

Link: https://eu.bbcollab.com/guest/f55b21be67dc443fb2ab44c1b0b43da0

Slides: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1h-72Zzto5PCmo1ThgZdzYUJlMseS_6XS

Video: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1hFfJqLIR4NEMd-4Wr8WOOkv4-jcjgJ5H


Talk 31: Revisiting the Degree-Diameter Problem: A Six-Decade Perspective - Francesc Comellas

Date: Wednesday February 21st, 2024

Time: 15:00 CET

Speaker: Francesc Comellas

Title: Revisiting the Degree-Diameter Problem: A Six-Decade Perspective.

Abstract: The degree-diameter problem for undirected graphs is the problem of finding a graph with the largest possible number of vertices given a maximum degree and maximum diameter. Sixty years ago, the problem gained significant attention with seminal papers by Hoffman-Singleton and Elspas. Since then, there has been periods of intense activity: In the 80s and 90s, they were centered around LRI in Paris (Delorme, Bermond, Farhi, ...) with connections to Belgium (Quisquater, Buset, ...), UPC in Barcelona (Gómez, Fiol, Yebra, FC, ..) as well as research efforts in New Zealand (Hafner, Dinneen) and Germany (Sampels). All this work has fostered enduring collaborations and yielded lasting results. In January 1995, at UPC, we established the first online table for the degree-diameter problem, which became a valuable reference within the field. At the turn of the century, fresh approaches to the problem emerged from the US (Exoo) and Oceania (Loz, Sirán, Miller, Pineda-Villavicencio, Pérez-Rosés, ...), leading to substantial enhancements in the table of large degree-diameter undirected graphs and other related tables. A crucial landmark was the comprehensive review paper by Mirka Miller and Jozef Sirán (2005) complemented by web tables hosted at combinatoricswiki.org. Over the past fifteen years, progress has been limited basically to a few hard-to-find values for small orders. Despite this current slowdown, the evolution of the degree-diameter table has been remarkable and new advances seem possible. In this presentation, my focus will be on tracing the journey of this table from the initial publications to its current state, highlighting the contributions of various researchers and the advances made along the way.

Link: https://eu.bbcollab.com/guest/a50cc5e1e9754ec2a7e2ffe3b41912ed

Slides: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1KT5WknjbJNWYduFdPx_bztyJRgFZofeV/view?usp=drive_link

Video: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1hFfJqLIR4NEMd-4Wr8WOOkv4-jcjgJ5H



Mirka's Research and related works

Obituaries: Mirka Miller (nee Koutova) https://drive.google.com/file/d/1su6y1qhUkR3PosqRDfFSGhFbKz1oseP1/view?usp=sharing

Special Issue in Honour of Mirka Miller https://drive.google.com/file/d/1wWRIXelvnGhkOM7IlhZhH0G0xxT6rd0s/view?usp=sharing

In memoriam Emeritus Professor Mirka Miller https://drive.google.com/file/d/1WQVHk41Yi5fJuGhWYscN9CwwirdU8uOu/view?usp=sharing

Eulogy for Professor Mirka Miller (1949–2016) [v https://drive.google.com/file/d/1hTS8HxU9omjlF2Q-_jOQIREcguR1Y1FU/view?usp=sharing]

A family of mixed graphs with large order and diameter 2 https://drive.google.com/file/d/1zbwb56QKY1iSeOm6c4ko178Y0UXNIzfL/view?usp=sharing

Photos

Mirka1.jpg Mirka3.png Mirka4.png FotoMirka.jpg Mirka5.jpg



Organisers

Marién Abreu - Dipartimento di Matematica, Informatica ed Economia - Università degli Studi della Basilicata - Potenza, Italia

Gabriela Araujo-Pardo - Mathematics Institute-Juriquilla - Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México

Camino Balbuena - Department of Civil and Enviromental Engineering - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain

Cristina Dalfó - Cryptography and Graphs Research Group - Universitat de Lleida, Igualada (Barcelona), Catalonia

Tatiana Jajcayova - Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics - Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia


Honorary Organiser

Joe Ryan - School of Electrical Engineering and Computing - University of Newcastle, Australia


Website Host and Support

Grahame Erskine - Department of Mathematics of Statistics - The Open University, UK.

(the organisers thank him for kindly including this website in Combinatorics Wiki)